Skip to content
Home » Ceramic vs Porcelain Tiles: The Differences Finally Explained

Ceramic vs Porcelain Tiles: The Differences Finally Explained

Even though they come from the same family of ceramic tiles, porcelain and ceramic tile are closer cousins than twins.
While some will interchangeably use the terms “porcelain”, and “ceramic” tiles, there are several differences. This could mean that one may be better suited for your project. It is worth mentioning.

You may prefer ceramic tiles or porcelain depending on the way you plan to use your space. Here are the differences between them and how to use them.
A Quick Comparison

The main difference between porcelain and ceramic tiles is their water absorption rate. Porcelain tiles can absorb less than 0.5% water, while ceramic and other non porcelain tiles can absorb more.

This is because of the material used to create porcelain tiles. The clay is harder and less porous. This has an impact on how tiles behave and can be used best.

How are ceramic tiles made

Ceramic tiles can be made from natural red, brown, and white clay. First, the clay is heated to reduce the water content. The glaze and pattern are then applied. Now you are finished.
How are porcelain tiles created?

Minoli tiles porcelain tile are made with a very specific clay. This makes porcelain tiles extremely hardwearing.


Ceramic tiles are generally more economical than porcelain.

The cost of a square, white tile in ceramic will run around PS24.00/m2. Porcelain will cost about PS35.00/m2. You should also remember that tiling your home will not make your bank robbery.
Durability & Density

Porcelain tiles can be more porous than ceramic because they are denser. Porcelain tiles are harder than ceramic, so they can withstand more water and are therefore more durable. These are more suited for areas with high footfall and heavy use.

However, this doesn’t make ceramic less valuable. It’s easier to work and less dense than ceramic. For DIYers, ceramic can make your life easier.
PEI Ratings

The Porcelain Enamel Institute rating, or PEI rating, is a quick and easy method to find the tile that is right for you. It is determined by how often the tile has been walked over.

Tiles can be graded between 0 and 5 depending on their hardness.

PEI 0 = No foot traffic (wall tile)
PEI 1 – Very low traffic (e.g. bathroom)
PEI 2 Light traffic (e.g. bathroom and bedroom
PEI 3 – Light to moderate traffic (suitable in most domestic floors).
PEI 4 – Moderate to Heavy Traffic (suitable for domestic floors, and some commercial uses).
PEI 5 Heavy Traffic (suitable for all domestic or commercial uses with high footfall)

Most ceramic floor tiles can be graded between 3-4. Porcelain tiles have a rating of between 3 to 5.
What tiles do you have? How to tell the differences

You can quickly and easily determine whether your tiles are porcelain or ceramic by looking at the manufacturer’s website or the box. This is simple, right?

Porcelain and ceramic tiles for…
The shower

Because porcelain tiles are nearly waterproof, they are ideal for installing a damp room.

It is ideal to use ceramic in your bathroom.
A tight budget

Ceramic tiles will be the best choice if you are on a budget. Ceramic tiles will not only be more affordable, but they also offer a greater range of styles and options. Ceramic tiles come in many different styles and patterns to match any style. There is something for everyone.
High foot traffic

Because of their durability, porcelain tiles are ideal for high-traffic areas. They resist scratches and scuffs. Porcelain is durable, regardless of whether it’s in an area that gets a lot of foot traffic, like the hallway or kitchen.

Ceramic tiles, however, are more durable than other flooring options like carpet or laminate.
A DIY project

Ceramic tiles make it easy for DIYers to do their own work. You will need to make a lot of cuts in order for your tiles to be installed neatly, especially in those areas. Porcelain is more difficult to cut, and requires professional skills and tools.
Your patio or outdoor space

Porcelain is water resistant, so it can withstand any kind of weather. If it is cold, ceramic can crack and you may need to replace your floor. You can rest assured that porcelain will be a good choice.